niedziela, 10 maja 2009

Privatization at NASA: The End of Government's Monopoly on Space Exploration?

Po pierwsze:
NASA's critics have long asked: Why does the space agency need to design and build its own rockets and spacecraft? [...] NASA's beginning to agree. For the first time, after nearly a half century of building its own rockets and orbiters, it has approved the outsourcing of some of the equipment that enables its manned space missions to private contractors.

Privatization at NASA: The End of Government's Monopoly on Space Exploration?

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Po drugie:
Over 100,000 Americans get paid to fly planes, but most of those with aviation-related jobs are not pilots, they're engineers, mechanics, airport managers, aviation educators, crew schedulers, and so on. Just one century after the Wright Brothers, the aviation industry employs 2.2 million American civilians.
Unlike manned space exploration, aviation did not take off with a presidential declaration. It began with a great burst of decentralized experimentation, in which inventor's ambitions were stoked by more than 100 private incentive prizes. When Charles Lindbergh crossed the Atlantic alone and without stopping, he collected a privately funded purse, the $25,000 Orteig prize.
Some inside NASA point out that SpaceShipOne's team enjoys unfair advantages. If NASA tried to behave like a private entrepreneur, it would get slammed with probes and congressional hearings for circumventing the procurement process, for not spreading the work around geographically, and so on. Certainly, the problem isn't the people who comprise NASA, it's the process that saps their imagination, and forces them to behave like by-the-book bureaucrats. And so NASA does not just absorb money from the private sector, it also absorbs staffers whose talent would take the American space industry farther if it were allowed to slip out from under the weight of bureaucracy.

Growing Jobs in Space
Mieszanie przez NASA pieniędzy podatników w rynek prywatnych lotów kosmicznych nie jest idealnym rozwiązaniem, ale widać tu jakiś postęp. Obawiam się tylko, że wymyślą sobie jakieś idiotyczne kryteria i na ich podstawie mogą dać niesprawiedliwą przewagę firmom które na nią nie zasłużyły. Co rządowe to zawsze rynek jakoś zniekształci. Więc oczywiście najlepiej rozwiązać NASA, żeby zwolniły się zasoby dla firm prywatnych, ale najprostsze rozwiązanie jak zwykle nie jest możliwe.

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